Monday, January 27, 2020

Terror Management Account of Conspicuous Consumption

Terror Management Account of Conspicuous Consumption Abstract The motivation behind this part is to clarify the mental underpinnings of the obvious utilization from the viewpoint of dread administration hypothesis. Our fundamental proposal is that prominent utilization is an immediate consequence of the extraordinary human consciousness of mortality and the quest for self-esteem and passing amazing quality that this mindfulness causes. In spite of the fact that it is anything but difficult to study contemporary American cases of avarice and indulgence, given the long and broad mankinds history of unwarranted utilization, we cant credit it to the impact of present-day private enterprise or corporate culture; rather, it is a result of essential all inclusive needs. Without a doubt, we contend that if contemporary people are all the more extremely inefficient, it is fundamentally as a result of present day innovation instead of due to any new social or mental improvements. We exhibit authentic and observational confirmation in support of our dread administration clarification of consumerism. At last, we consider what may be done to encourage life-maintaining utilization, stripped of the harmful, psychopathological craving for endless measures of pointless stuff that undermines human bliss and debilitates the very presence of the human species by contaminating and exhausting the regular assets whereupon our survival, at last, depends on. A TERROR MANAGEMENT ACCOUNT OF CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION Modern man is drinking and drugging himself out of awareness, or he spends his time shopping, which is the same thing †¢ Ernest Becker, The Denial of Death Authors main claim? The Authors main claim is that the human awareness of death and the potentially overwhelming existential anxiety, it engenders motivates people to imbue life with meaning and derive self-esteem from cultural beliefs about the nature of reality. That concern about mortality play a pervasive role in human affairs, and suggests that people construct cultural worldviews in order to manage the terror engendered by the human awareness of death. What are the reasons the author gives for his/her main claim? 1. The virtues of materialistic consumption are deeply woven into the very fabric of human culture. 2. The human desire for money and materials indicates that rationality is not the sole factor that drives consumption behavior. What evidence does the author give for each claim you identified above? Evidence might include examples, statistical data, interview responses, or theoretical application. Evidence 1 : Business communities worried, because of the magnitude and impact of the terror attack on sep 11, that the incident would initiate a recession in the United States.Americans bought homes and cars in record quantities. They also snapped up appliances, furniture, and electronic gadgets. From October through December, consumption soared at 6% annual rate.Although exercising ones credit cards in the wake of these catastrophic reminders of vulnerability and mortality may in some ways seem surprising, such behavior follows predictably from the perspective of terror management theory. Evidence 2 : Spending eternity in a heavenly afterlife is a quaint and attractive prospect (e.g., Islamic Jihads Sheik Abdulla Shamnis 1995 [reported by Abu-Nasr, 1995, p. 1A] descrip ­tion of heaven as a world of castles, flowing rivers, and lush fields where the blessed can eat the most delicious food, the most luscious fruits and the tenderest cuts of meat), but ultimately intangible and empirically uncertain, whereas large piles of gold, enormous mounds of possessions, and lavish con ­sumption is ineluctably real and symbolically indicative of immortal power. The notion that the urge to splurge is fundamentally a defensive death denial above and beyond the quite legitimate pursuit of material comfort and aes ­thetic pleasure is supported by both the historical record and contemporary empirical research. Evidence 3: Roheim (1934) found that the primary motive for acquiring money and possessions in virtually all known tribal cultures is ulti ¬mately symbolic and ceremonial, in the service of gaining and maintaining prestige, and has little to do with money as a rational medium of exchange of goods and services. Do you agree with the author? Why or why not? Explain in 4-6 sentences. Yes, I agree with the author because in this world human behavior is directly or indirectly related to consumption ,yet our consumption behavior is not based solely on our physical survival needs despite it takes lot of time and effort to make money to be extravagant and lavish and you hardly find any time to think of death and practice measures to deny it. References Solomon, S., Greenberg, J. Pyszczynski, T.A. (2003). Lethal consumption: Death-denying materialism http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042811019999 https://www.scribd.com/document/197728014/LETHAL-CONSUMPTION-DEATH-DENYING-MATERIALISM https://bradleyallsop2.wordpress.com/2015/01/22/death-denying-our-defining-feature/

Sunday, January 19, 2020

ISO 9000 :: Business Companies Essays

ISO 9000 Introduction In order to stay competitive, businesses have to be the best at what they do. Company's must be efficient and presise in all aspects of the job. (Metcalfe 1). ISO 9000 is made up of management's responsibility, the producers involved in the Quality Management System, the contract review, the design control, document and data control, purchasing, process control, inspection and testing, control of non-conforming product, corrective action, handling, storage, packaging and delivery, internal quality audits, training, servicing and statistical techniques (Prasanna 1). Quality control and quality assurance is very important there are certain requirements that take time and money to be met but in the end there are benefits. Types of specifications are very significant and the documentation of those is even more. Manufacturers and purchasers have major responsibility in the process of being successful. The quality of a product is so important, especially to the customer. A company's quali ty management system must become the documented proof of a firm's commitment to quality management. A plan put together with quality procedures and work instructions is provided to help companies design their own quality management system. After completing the quality procedures, companies are audited and then determined if they should be certified for ISO 9000 or not (Parsanna 2). ISO: International Organization of Standards Founded in 1947 in Geneva Switzerland, ISO developed international standards and helped exchange goods and services worldwide. It is made up of over 90 countries including the US, which is called the American National Standards Institute. The name ISO came from the Greek word, "isos," meaning equal (Henkoff 2). ISO was created by business men (Henkoff 2). These business men knew what businesses needed to become more competitive and how they could get higher customer satisfaction, so ISO was developed. ISO is not government regulated, but is ran by organizations like the US Registrar Accreditation Board. Such organizations authorize registrars which issue ISO certificates (Barrier 2). In Europe some organizations are government regulated. The American National Standards Institute runs the ISO in the US and authorizes the US Registrar Accreditation Board (Barrier 2). ISO's job is to set standards for companies all over the world so that their products come out efficiently and to the best quality. This helps the customers who receive the exports know exactly what they are getting and are satisfied with the product. Setting these standards is done by ISO members at assembly meetings.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Pepsico

What three costs do pennies impose on society? A. The cost of metal used In pennies has gone up beyond the face value of the coin itself. So manufacturing pennies is not worth. It takes approximately 1. 8 cent to create one penny coin. Eventually this cost will be suffered by the society. B. Pennies are not worth the time to count or store In the current economic market. C. Pennies result In dead weight transaction In the economy. 2. Are U. S. Coins fiat money or commodity money? Other than pennies and nickels, U. S. Runners today is fiat, the face value being bestially more than the value of the metal or paper. 3. Why such a slow recovery? Name the explanations for the slow US recovery John Taylor reject. Explain his reasoning. Slow Recovery- Gap does not close between Potential GAP and Real GAP. This is due to variety of macro and micro reasons. Macro reasons – long time low interest rates, debates about the size of multiplier Micro reasons – demand for housing, stimu lus package aimed at health care, excessive risk taking Secondly the growth rate of Real GAP was very low.Due to low growth rate, Employment recovery as weak, causing big fraction of working age population not working. 4. Which argument does John Taylor find most convincing? John finds bad economic policy being the major reason for slow economic growth- like stimulus packages, cash for clunkers, subsidies for first time home buyers. All these created short time solution but not sustainable recovery. 5. What are some of the measures of uncertainty that John Taylor considers as contributing to the slow recovery? John thinks that it is hard to make long term decision when economy is in uncertain state.The expiration of 2001-2003 tax cut, temporary cut in social security tax, expiration of unemployment benefits, delay in fix of Medicare, affordable care act taxes imposed, spending cuts – all this caused general uncertainty. 6. What are the key explanations for the slow recovery t hat Dry Lamer gives that differ from John Tailor's explanation? A. The Job market Is not strong, there are extreme Job losses. In the normal Job market scenarios the Jobs are lost, layoffs are done and people are hired back. In the current situation the Jobs are lost and workers are displaced arcing them to relocate and in many cases acquire new skills.One example is half a mil manufacturing jobs permanently displaced workers. These jobs did never come back. B. Due globalization and government policies , there are advanced technological changes in the manufacturing as well as many other industries increasing the productivity. But the low skilled labor is not competent to this technologically advanced job market. For this education system must undergo changes to create the workforce which is skilled for such jobs. 7. What three costs do pennies impose on society? Re not worth the time to count or store in the current economic market. . Pennies substantially more than the value of the metal or paper. 9. Why such a slow his reasoning. Slow Recovery – Gap does not close between Potential GAP and Real was weak, causing big fraction of working age population not working. 10. Which these created short time solution but not sustainable recovery. 11. What are some of the measures of uncertainty that John Taylor considers as contributing to the slow taxes imposed, spending cuts – all this caused general uncertainty. 12. What are the Tailor's explanation? . The Job market is not strong, there are extreme Job losses.In mil manufacturing Jobs permanently displaced workers. These Jobs did never come back. D. Due globalization and government policies , there are advanced technologically advanced Job market. For this education system must undergo changes to create the workforce which is skilled for such Jobs. 13. What three costs do pennies impose on society? A. The cost of metal used in pennies has gone up beyond the face value of the coin result in dead weight transaction in the economy. 14. Are U. S. Coins fiat money or bestially more than the value of the metal or paper. 5. Why such a slow was weak, causing big fraction of working age population not working. 16. Which these created short time solution but not sustainable recovery. 17. What are some taxes imposed, spending cuts – all this caused general uncertainty. 18. What are the Tailor's explanation? E. The Job market is not strong, there are extreme Job losses. In back. F. Due globalization and government policies , there are advanced 19. What three costs do pennies impose on society? Result in dead weight transaction in the economy. 0. Are U. S. Ions fiat money or substantially more than the value of the metal or paper. 21. Why such a slow was weak, causing big fraction of working age population not working. 22. Which these created short time solution but not sustainable recovery. 23. What are some taxes imposed, spending cuts – all this caused general uncertainty. 2 4. What are the Tailor's explanation? G. The Job market is not strong, there are extreme Job losses. In back. H. Due globalization and government policies , there are advanced 25. What three costs do pennies impose on society? Cult in dead weight transaction in the economy. 26. Are U. S. Coins fiat money or substantially more than the value of the metal or paper. 27. Why such a slow was weak, causing big fraction of working age population not working. 28. Which these created short time solution but not sustainable recovery. 29. What are some taxes imposed, spending cuts – all this caused general uncertainty. 30. What are the Tailor's explanation? I. The Job market is not strong, there are extreme Job losses. In back.

Friday, January 3, 2020

A Brief Biography of Aurelian - 1108 Words

Beginning with the rise of the Roman Empire, many emperors of differing abilities would rule Rome. Some would become men of great renown in Roman history, such as Trajan, but others were despicable leaders, such as Nero and Caligula. However, all of them changed the course of the Roman Empire, with many of them becoming known for their great accomplishments. One of these emperors was Aurelian. Aurelian was a great military leader, strong emperor, and a strict administrator. Also, unlike most of the emperors, his common birth did not suggest his future destiny with greatness. Aurelian was born in the province of Rome in 214 AD. Unlike prior emperors of Rome, his father was a commoner, and had no ties to politics. Like most commoners did during the time, Aurelian joined the legion. The legion was Rome’s version of the army. He quickly showed his military talent and served most of his career as a cavalry commander. His military success led to his first introduction to the politics of Rome. Due to his prowess as a cavalry commander, he became Gallenus’ escort. Gallienus was the 41st emperor of Rome. However, his service to the emperor didn’t last long. Gallienus died at the hands of an assassin while laying siege against the Roman general Claudius. It is reputed that Aurelian may have taken part in the plot. Soon after the emperors death, Claudius became emperor. During his reign, Aurelian soared through the ranks of the military. Then, in 270 AD, Claudius fell ill to the

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Why Does The Gawain Poet - 2057 Words

Given all the benefits of living and staying inside a court, such as King Arthur’s, why does the Gawain poet focus on the idea of leaving this safe haven in order to become a better individual. If these 13th century courts were portrayed as the most noble, and finest in the land, why would one ever have to leave. By introducing a mystical Green Knight into Arthur’s court, who challenges the best knight to a game involving twists, turns, and the chivalric code, the Gawain poet reveals the problems choosing to remain put, safe in a single confined court, refusing to experience the outside world. Gawain, who self identifies as a lesser known knight, in choosing to play the Green Knights game, is forced to depart from Camelot. But in doing so he not only learns how to become a true knight, but this journey of knighthood develops him into a more experienced knight then those who have never left the safe haven of Camelot. Early in the text we are introduced to the Arthurian c ourt, the text reads â€Å"King Arthur’s Court where the great and the good of the land had gathered†¦. the most chivalrous and courteous knights known to Christendom; the most wonderful women to have walked in this world.† (Gawain, ll. 38-39,50-52) The ruler of this court was King Arthur, a great warrior known for defending Britain from the Saxons, who is also introduced in the highest regard, the text reads â€Å"But most regal of rulers in the royal line was Arthur, who I head is honored above all.† (Gawain, ll.Show MoreRelatedSir Gawain and the Green Night Discussion: Study Question Essay1122 Words   |  5 Pages Sir Gawain The Green Night Discussion/Study Question 12 1. For what purpose would Gawain poet place King Arthur in line with the founders of the ancient civilizations? The purpose is to show how well respected king Arthur was, how he was known as the greatest king in medieval times, to show how he was an important leader of medieval times and Britain. 3. While describing the knights and ladies of Arthur’s court, the Gawain poet alludes to some of the values ofRead MoreSir Gawain And The Green1627 Words   |  7 Pages11/25/14 Sir Gawain and the Girdle In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Gawain is presented a green girdle by Lady Bertilak after their sexual encounter (1830-1835). There have been many differing opinions on what the girdle represents, but I believe the most pertinent symbol that the green girdle stands for is the temptation that Gawain faces several times throughout the story. The girdle not only stands for the temptations that Gawain faces, but ultimately shows the ignorance Gawain exhibits throughoutRead MoreSir Gawain and The Green Knight Essay1109 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight† Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a very interesting and stimulating narration, filled with mystical creatures and wonderful details, the author known as Gawain-poet did a wonderful job in portraying the characters throughout the story. During the story, The Green Knight challenges King Arthur to a game, which Sir Gawain accepts. Gawain participates in the game by chopping the head off of the green knight, who picks it up and leaves, Gawain is to meet the greenRead MoreFate And Fate In Sir Gawain And The Green Knight741 Words   |  3 Pagesis completely untrue. There is an unstoppable force about fate, no matter what someone does fate will take its course. Throughout many stories a characters fate is illustrated at the end of the story, but sometimes their fate may have a positive or negative effect. In the epic poem Beowulf, the hero battles many enemies and at the same time discovering his destinies. In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Gawain must be able to meet his fate as he faces the Green Knight. In the tragedy Macbeth, MacbethRead MoreLiterature Is An Instrument By Which Human Beings Are Informed1579 Words   |  7 Pagesand the essence of the same as Sir Gawain did. In this essay, we shall reference his life from ‘Sir Gawain and The Green Knight’ in a bid to understand how the particular challenges he faced transformed him from a knight to a hero. The story begins at the New Year’s Festival where the Green Knight challenges the court to strike his head. He would then allow whoever would have accepted the challenge to seek him a year later and receive a blow in return. Sir Gawain steps up in place of the King andRead MoreSymbolism And Meaning Of The Hunting Scenes1553 Words   |  7 Pagesand the Meaning of the Hunting Scenes In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight there is many symbols throughout the poem. The hunting scenes are told in great detail throughout the poem. The unknown author writes these scenes to add meaning to the poem. The scenes depicts the hunting of the three different prey Lord Bertilak is after. Each scene contains symbolism and importance and help develop and enhance the plot throughout the poem. One may wonder why the author might include the hunting scenes atRead MoreSir Gawain And The Green Knight2443 Words   |  10 PagesSir Gawain and the Green Knight: Poem of Perplexity In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the poet leaves some scenes in the poem open to the readers’ interpretation. This makes the poem difficult to understand. The poet does this by leaving out details and adding in words that can be confusing to the reader, based on the scenes or item in question. Unless the words are analyzed and thought about in detail, the reader is left in confusion. Even after analyzing the words and trying to make sense ofRead More A Comparison of Religion in Sir Gawain and Green Knight and Othello1623 Words   |  7 PagesRole of Religion in Sir Gawain and Othello      Ã‚   Respect for religion and government is an important part of any country, but what happens to a country when these values begin to change?   England was beginning to go through this change in 1603 when Othello was written by William Shakespeare.   Comparing the religious themes and heroes of Othello to the story of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight which was written during the Middle English era, will demonstrate just how far England had come.   BothRead MoreAnalysis Of Sir Gawain And The Green Knight1547 Words   |  7 PagesIn Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, there are many symbols throughout the poem. The hunting scenes are told in great detail throughout the poem. The unknown author writes these scenes to add meaning to the poem. The scenes depicts the hunting of the three different prey Lord Bertilak is after. Each scene contains symbolism and importance and helps to develop and improve the plot. One may wonder why the author might include the hunting scenes at all. According to critic, Donald Howard, the huntedRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Sir Gawain And The Green Knight 1491 Words   |  6 Pages An abundance of the literary world’s best and most engaging poems or stories took place during the very fictional reign of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, who most famously, resided in Camelot. The poem, â€Å"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight†, written during the medieval period, is without a doubt one of the best fictional stories to ever come from this era. I found it especially interesting that both Christianity and Paganism intertwine during this heroic story. This encourages whoever

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Environmental Issues Facing Automobile Industry - 1071 Words

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FACING AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN AMERICA The development of automobile industry in America started in 1896, when Henry Ford built the first American car. With the invention of the automobile and the mass production techniques of Henry Ford, which made the cars affordable, the American economy has been transformed by this key element in its prosperity. Tens of thousands of jobs were created as the industry grew. Workers were required for the assembly lines on which they were constructed. Part by part, Ford s model Ts became the first most popular, affordable, mass produced cars. The steel industry and machine tool makers also flourished as the automotive industry required ever-increasing supplies and components for the engines, chassis and other metal fixtures of the cars. Beyond these basics, every car needed a battery, head lights, interior upholstery and paint. Entirely new businesses, or subsidiaries of existing business, were created to meet the needs of the aut omobile industry as it grew incrementally year after year. The automobile industry has a huge impact on the US economy, because its total sales consist of 3.7% of the Nation’s GDP. Great concern for the economy and global warming has caused the automobile industry in America to develop alternative fuel vehicles. Toyota and Honda Japan started a pilot project in 2001 that sees the manufacturing of a hybrid car with an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. Global Competition: The U.S.Show MoreRelatedThe Impact Of The Steam Engine And Began Using Automobile Long Before 1896982 Words   |  4 Pages Historically, The United State had invented the steam engine and began using automobile long before 1896 when Henry Ford build the first car. Since then, the country has undergone series of dramatic changes affecting the automobile industry politically, economically, technologically, and socio-culturally, including series of global and environmental challenges. These environmental challenges facing the industries can be acknowledged in the following areas: 1) Consumer’s opinion about the products:Read MoreChallenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay1216 Words   |  5 PagesThere are a myriad of challenges facing the American auto industry. Environmental challenges, however, are the most difficult ones to face and overcome. Some environmental issues that effect the American auto industry are; global competition in the industry, new technology for powering the product that this industry produces, the effect of emissions on the environment and government reactions to this, and consumer opinions about the product. â€Å"An analysis of the external environment is a part of theRead MoreEnvironmental Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay955 Words   |  4 PagesRunning head: Environmental challenges facing the American auto industry 1 Environmental challenges facing the American auto industry BUS1101 Unit 5 Written Assignment University of the People ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FACING THE AMERICAN AUTO INDUSTRY 2 Environmental challenges facing the American auto industry The traditional internal combustion engine has been the mainstream automobile power source and even after the next generation vehicle engines made an appearance. The new generation enginesRead MoreEnvironmental Factors Of The Automotive Industry1201 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Automobile usage has increased in America and elsewhere in the world. In a research done by Sutherland, J., et al. (2004) â€Å"The US has a contributed to 200 million passengers in cars and light truck over the past few years. Further in 1990, studies showed that US cars increased six times faster than human population. The leaders in the automotive industry must adopt some key elements to ensure success in this fast-moving environment. They must invest in knowing their markets, buildingRead MoreEnvironmental Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay920 Words   |  4 PagesEnvironmental Challenges Facing the American Auto Industry †¢ The global competition in the industry †¢ New technology for powering the product that industry produces †¢ The effect of emissions on the environment and government reactions †¢ The consumer opinions about the product the industry produces The Environmental Challenges Facing the American Auto Industry According to the Environmental Protection article at www.eponline.com, it states that the environmental issues top the list of challengesRead MoreThe Auto Industry : A Global Economic Powerhouse And Juggernaut Of Cultural Influence1051 Words   |  5 PagesSince it’s inception in the 1900’s, the auto industry has become a global economic powerhouse and juggernaut of cultural influence. In recent decades, the industry has faced various crises and yet has remained one of the most powerful drivers of global economic activity. In the U.S. alone, 1 in every 22 jobs derives from the auto industry (Cutcher-Gershenfeld, J., 2015, para 1). Generally speaking, industry analysts are optimistic about the U.S. market and less so in other markets (Strategy, 2015Read MoreEnvironmental Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay900 Words   |  4 PagesThe Environmental Challenges Facing the American Auto Industry This essay seeks to analyse the environmental challenges facing the American auto industry. I will examine the global competition, new technologies for automobile powering, the effects of emissions, and customer opinion about the industry in the following paragraphs. (Select USA, n.d.), have identified the United States as having one of the largest automotive markets in the world, as it is home to thirteenRead MoreEnvironmental Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry845 Words   |  4 PagesAssignment Unit 5 Environmental challenges facing the American auto industry The American auto industry has been in existence since 1896 when Henry Ford built his first car. He then invented the assembly line which allowed for the production of multiple cars, and this made the price of cars more affordable to buyers. By the 1920s, the assembly line concept of production was used by the largest auto companies in the United States, namely Ford, General Motors and Chrysler. The auto industry has always beenRead MoreA Brief Note On The American Auto Industry884 Words   |  4 PagesThe American Auto Industry has flourished since the early 1900s; it is one of the industries that represents one of the largest segments within the U.S economy and forms the core of the nation’s industrial strength. Americans dominated the industry in the first half of the century. By the 1960s the car market was flooded by the big three (Chrysler, Ford and General Motors) whose manufacturing relied heavily on promotions and model changes to boost their sales (Foner Gratty, 19 91) However the blueRead MoreEnvironmental Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay1121 Words   |  5 PagesThis assignment is about the environmental challenges facing the American Auto Industry. The topics related to environmental challenges I’m will discuss are global competition in the industry, new technology for powering the product that this industry produces, the effect of emissions on the environment and government reactions to this, and consumer opinions about the product your industry produces. The Auto Industry in the United States has flourished ever since its revolution in the early 1900s

Monday, December 9, 2019

Employees in the Business Industry

Question: Discuss about the Report for Employees in the Business Industry. Answer: Introduction The progress of any business industry is depends on the employees within business industry. If employees are satisfied with their job and salary, then there is a positive impact on the production of the industry and overall profit of the industry. It is very important to study the different issues related to the employees within industries. For any business industry, employees are key factor for profit or loss. Every company tries to hire skilled workers or employees for getting more profit. The study of employees becomes essential in every industry due to its significance in the overall process. There are so many factors which need to be analysed. Every industry tries to provide the all facilities to their employees. The performance of the employees is examined in lots of companies. So many companies provide the salary based on performance of the employees. Also, there are so many issues which directly affect the performance of the employees and profit of the company. If the employe es of the business industry are not satisfied with their job and salary then there would be a loss to the company. Research Questions and Hypotheses Research Questions For this research study, first of all it is important to decide the problem statement or the research hypothesis (Babbie, 2009). These research hypotheses will help us for further research process and we will get proper guidelines during the research study. The research hypotheses or questions for this research study are summarised as below: Is there a significant difference in the proportion of male employees and female employees? Is there a significant difference in the average salary for male employees and the female employees? Is there a significant relationship exists between the level of education of the employee and the salary of the employee? Is there a significant difference in the salaries of the employees based on their educational level? Is the proportion of satisfies employees is more than 80%? Hypotheses The established hypotheses are used in the process of testing of hypothesis for checking the claims (Cox and Hinkley, 2000). For this research study the research hypotheses for the research process are developed as below: H1: There is a significant difference in the proportion of male employees and female employees. H2: There is a significant difference in the average salary for the male employees and the female employees. H3: There is a significant relationship exists between the level of education of the employee and the salary of the employee. H4: There is a significant difference in the salaries of the employees based on their education level. H5: The proportion of satisfied employees is more than 80%. For checking these hypotheses we need to collect the data from employees and then analyse this data by using proper methods of data analysis. Operational definition and Measurements For this research study, we have to study the different variables related to the employees of the business industry. The variable gender of the employees is a categorical variable and we use nominal scale of measurement for this variable. We would use the code 0 for male and code 1 for the female for the gender of the employee. The variable salary of the employee is given in the Australian $ and for this variable we use ratio scale of measurement. The variable level of education of the employee is the variable showing the status of the education of employee as undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, or more. We would use the ordinal scale for this variable such as 1 for undergraduate, 2 for graduate, 3 for postgraduate, 4 for Ph.D or more. The variable satisfaction of the employee shows whether the employee is satisfied with job or not. We would use the nominal scale of measurement for this variable and we would use the code 0 if the employee is not satisfied with job and use the code 1 if the employee is satisfies with job. Research Methodology: Data Collection and Analysis Sampling techniques For purpose of data collection for the study of employees in the business industry, we would select the industry and then we would use the random sampling method for selection of the employees for the research study. We would use the proper technique of random sampling such that employees in the every department would be involved in the research study (Ross, 2014). The sample should be proper representative of the population of entire employees in the industry. Also, proper proportion of the male and female employees should be maintained and there would not be any bias occurred during the process of selection of the random sample. The sample size should not be too less which gives biased results (Casella and Berger, 2002). We would use the sample size more than 100 for getting the unbiased and approximate results for this research study. Method of analysis For this research study, we would collect the sample of employees by using random sampling techniques. For this research study we would use the different statistical tools and techniques for getting the proper conclusions. We would use the descriptive statistics and inferential statistics for this research study. The descriptive statistics is helpful for checking the primary nature of the data (Evans, 2004). We would check the different claims or hypotheses for this research study by using the inferential statistics or the testing of hypothesis. Research Process For this research study, first of all we will decide the problem statement and then we would collect the data for the variables involved in the research study. We would collect the data by using proper methods such as questionnaire, telephonic interviews, etc. After collection of data or responses from the employees we would collect this information or data in a tabular format for the further analysis (Bickel and Doksum, 2000). We would use the proper methods and techniques of statistical data analysis for the collected data. Then we would find out the proper conclusions for this research study. We would take the decisions based on the comparisons of critical value and test statistic value or p-value and alpha value (Dobson, 2001). Expected Research Outcomes In the research study the researcher always expects some outcomes from the experiment or the study (Degroot and Schervish, 2002). For this research study, we would expect that there would be a significant difference in the proportion of the male and female employees. We would also expect the significant difference in the average salary for the male and female employees. We expect that the salary of the employees would be based on the level of education and there would be significant relationship between the salary and education level of the employee. We also expect that the proportion of the satisfied employees would be more than 80%. References Babbie, E, R, 2009, The Practice of Social Research, Wadsworth. Bickel, P, J, and Doksum, K, A, 2000, Mathematical Statistics: Basic Ideas and Selected Topics, Vol I, Prentice Hall. Casella, G, and Berger, R, L, 2002, Statistical Inference, Duxbury Press. Cox, D, R, and Hinkley, D, V, 2000, Theoretical Statistics, Chapman and Hall Ltd. Degroot, M, and Schervish, M, 2002, Probability and Statistics, Addison - Wesley. Dobson, A, J, 2001, An introduction to generalized linear models, Chapman and Hall Ltd. Evans, M, 2004, Probability and Statistics: The Science of Uncertainty, Freeman and Company. Liese, F, and Miescke, K, 2008, Statistical Decision Theory: Estimation, Testing, and Selection, Springer. Pearl, J, 2000, Casuality: models, reasoning, and inference, Cambridge University Press. Ross, S, 2014, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, London, Academic Press.